posted on 22 Dec 2010 15:55 by mox200

Europe Faces Postwar Problems

Nazi Germany surrendered to the Allies in May of 1945. But the effects of the war on Europe's people and economy continued long after the fighting had ceased.

  • Over 60 million Europeans had been forced from their homes. Millions of Europeans could not return to their destroyed homes. Many feared returning to countries that had come under the control of the Soviet Union.
  • The winter of 1946-1947 was Europe's coldest in several centuries. Record-breaking snowfall and low temperatures froze rivers and crops. Transportation ground to a halt. Fuel supplies dwindled as starvation and disease threatened millions.
  • In Great Britain heating fuel supplies were so low that electricity could be used only for a few hours a day. Food rations in 1947 were lower than during the war itself.

Economic Impact of the War on Europe

Financially, World War II cost more than all of Europe's wars since the Middle Ages. Most European nations faced serious debt problems; most were dependent on credit or aid to survive. Most factories had been destroyed, either by bombing during the war or looting after the war. Great Britain, the world's biggest creditor nation before the war, now had the world's largest debt. To make matters worse, the end of the war meant the end of America's Lend-Lease program of free aid to European nations fighting the Axis powers.


นาซี ชาวเยอรมันได้ยอมจำนนต่อ ในเดือนพฤษภาคม ค.ศ.1945 แต่ถึงกระนั้นผลกระทบจากสงครามดังกล่าวที่มีต่อชาวยุโรปยังคงดำเนินต่อไปดังนี้

-ชาวยุโรปกว่า 60 ล้านคนต้องปราศจากที่อยู่อาศัยและเกิดความหวาดกลัวเมื่อต้องตกอยู่ภายใต้อำนาจการปกครองของสหภาพโซเวียต